“Now there will be a progressive government.” On the night of November 10, 2019, the acting president, Pedro Sánchez, hastily proclaimed that this time without struggles or pulses, there would be a government. Necessarily coalition. A novelty in Spain that had not occurred since the Second Republic. He failed to add that the holding of elections six months after the previous ones had only produced more fragmentation, with an imposing rise from the far right, a bang for the party that aspired to be the faithful of the balance, Ciudadanos, and a drop for the left. This was the fruit of the inability of the parties that had the power to form a government. Those elections marked the birth of coalitions, arrived to stay; to the left and to the right.
On the election night of November 10, two years ago, the winner, Pedro Sánchez, was not euphoric. The results had not been as expected, so a quick agreement with United We Can was urgently needed. The coalition pact did not suppose a turn of extreme abruptness in its contents. The current discussion on labor reform is part of the discussion of the Socialists since the 2012 one was approved by the government of Mariano Rajoy. Complete repeal, suppression of the parts most harmful to workers, a new Workers’ Statute … These are some of the variations on the same theme that the PSOE has made in recent years, before United We can become part of his life.
The decision after the government took office in January 2020 was to give a powerful pace to the reforms. Economic growth was healthy, expectations were for continuity; a good time to begin reforms and inject significant doses of social policies into the system while growing.
The government took office in January and was preparing to impress with its ambitious plans. Only eight weeks later, the COVID pandemic fell on Spain. The world stopped. Fighting the epidemic was the only goal amid the darkness and initial lack of resources. Of these 24 months, some certainties remain, such as the need for a State with solid public foundations. Another, of an internal political order, is the lightness of public positions whose strength comes exclusively from the Prime Minister, until he decides to let them fall. The certainty of future years with always coalition governments is well underpinned.