Every Indian person must have heard Vikram Samvat at some time, what is this Vikram Samvat, and who started it? What is the history of Vikram Samvat There are many such questions, about which many people will be interested to know about Vikram Samvat, let’s know… Vikram Samvat kya hai?
The Vikram Samvat is the year of the cradle of Indian Sanatana Dharma, Hinduism in India started from 57 BCE, and its calendar began 57 years before the Gregory calendar. Today many types of calendars are influenced by the calendar of Vikram Samvat. Astrologers also get a lot of help from the calendar of Vikram Samvat to make a calendar. Behind the beginning of Vikram Samvat is a heroic saga of Maharaja Vikramaditya.
Vikram Samvat History
Maharaja Vikramaditya drove the kings of the Shakyas (nomadic Iranian people) from India, which led to the promotion of Hinduism in Ujjain. Maharaja Vikramaditya Shakya But to commemorate this victory, he received the title of ‘Shakari’ and at the same time, the year of Vikram Samvat was started to commemorate this event.
The story of this incident was heard by a monk named Mahesra Suri. According to that monk, Gurdabhilla, the powerful king of Ujjain, abusing his ruling power, kidnapped a sannyasin named Saraswati, who was the sister of a monk.
Sanyasini Saraswati’s brother took his request for the life of his sister to a Shaka king, that Shaka king listened to him and took action. The Shaka king eventually defeated Gaddabhilla and took the king of Vaha captive, but later he escaped from captivity and took refuge in a forest, after which he became a tiger hunt in the forest.
After this incident, Gardabhilla’s son, Vikramaditya, decided to avenge his father. On the other hand, Shaka realized his growing power and his atrocities on people started increasing, his activities started hurting the common people. Seeing all these things, Emperor Vikramaditya decided to fight him.
Showing his strength, Emperor Vikramaditya defeated Shako and brought relief to the common people, the emperor not only defeated him but completely separated his power from India.
When did Vikram Samvat debut?
Vikram Swavat started in the name of Vikramaditya in 57 BCE. However, no source of its history is found in the history prior to the 9th century. In early sources, this period is also known by other names such as – Karta (AD 343 to 371), Krita (AD 404), Malwa (AD 424), and this period is called ‘Samvat’. According to history, its first use was by Chandmahassen, the king of the Chauhan dynasty, he was the king of Dholpur.
Vikram Samvat 898 Vaishakh Shukla 2 is written in the source from his kingdom. This is a date in which the word Vikram Samvat has been used in place of Samvat. Subhashit Ratna Sandoh (E 993–994) is the first literary work in which the use of the word ‘Vikramaditya’ is first seen.
Due to the many variations, different concepts of different authors and historians are available in history, many historians believe that this era has no relation with Emperor Vikramaditya. Some historians and scholars believe that King Chandragupta II assumed the title of Vikramaditya and announced his reign as Vikram Yuga.
According to the British-German orientalist Rudolf Horley, King Yashodharman of Malwa changed the name of the period. According to him, Yashodharman conquered Kashmir and named it ‘Harsha Vikramaditya’. Its description is found in Kalhan’s book ‘Rajatarangini’. In this way, many different scholars have given many different views about this period.
What is the importance of Vikram Samvat?
The New Year of Vikram Samvat is often in the middle of April and the New Year of Vikram Samvat is parallel to the New Year in places like Assam, Bengal, Myanmar, West Bengal, Kerala, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, etc., along with the main places in India. This calendar is also used in Nepal in eastern and northern India as well as in the English community.
In India, the first Vaisakh and Vikram Samvat, the new year celebrated in West Bengal, do not begin on the same day, but both fall in the same month. Festivals in many places in South Asia are similar to those celebrated in the Vikram Samvat calendar. This calendar has been made a formal calendar in Nepal.
Vikram Samvat Calendar
Dates are very important in the Hindu calendar, the special thing about these dates is that they basically depend on sunrise and sunset.
- The dates of the calendar of Vikram Samvat do not match the dates of the English calendar.
- The English calendar is used globally, which is influenced by the calendar of Vikram Samvat.
- The months of the Hindu calendar are made into two sides, the Shukla Paksha and the Krishna Paksha, both sides being fifteen-fifteen days long.
- Amavasya falls on the last day of the Krishna Paksha and the full moon is on the last day of the Shukla Paksha.
The names of the months of the calendar of Vikram Samvat according to the time of the English calendar are given below…
Baishakh – Mid-April to mid-May
Eldest Mid May to mid June
Ashadh – Mid June to mid July
Shravan – Mid July to mid-august
Bhadra – Mid august to mid-september
Ashwin – Mid September to mid-october
Kartik – Mid October to mid-november
Aghan – Mid November to mid December
Plush Mid December to mid-january
Magh – Mid January to mid-February
Phalgun – Mid February to mid-march
Chaitra – Mid march to mid-april
Read Other: Importance of Namaste in Indian culture
Which era is currently going on?
From 13 April 2021 Vikram Samvat 2078 It’s going on.
What is the difference between Samvat and San?
In era Difference of 57 years is.
Since when did Vikram Samvat begin?
It is believed that Emperor Vikramaditya In 58 BC Vikram Samvat started.
What are the types of Samvat?
- Vikram Era
- doubt Era
- Lodhi Era