What is the motherboard?
Today we are talking about the computer motherboard in this article? What is a motherboard? How does a motherboard work? Types of Motherboards? Importance of motherboard? And so on. You will find the complete information of the motherboard in this article.
If you are a computer user, you must have heard the name of the motherboard and must have seen the motherboard. Today we are giving complete information about the motherboard here.
Like – what is a motherboard? Definition of motherboard? What are the types of motherboards? What is a motherboard component? And so on. You will find the complete information on the motherboard in this article.
What is the motherboard?
(What is Motherboard)
The motherboard is the most important part of the computer. Inspired by her mother, it was named Motherboard. Just as a mother handles her child and the whole family, the motherboard connects all the parts of the computer with her, making the computer workable.
A motherboard is a printed circuit board (PCB), which carries all the parts of a computer with it. All the components of the computer are connected with the motherboard, only after which a computer becomes functional.
The motherboard gets the main power supply first. After which the motherboard distributes power to all the components of the computer as per the requirement. So that all the components can work correctly.
The motherboard is known by many names, such as – main circuit board, baseboard, mainboard, etc. All parts of the computer must be connected to the motherboard.
However, all the parts of a computer have different functions, but all these parts will work only when connected with the motherboard. If not connected to the motherboard, they cannot work.
The motherboard is a printed circular board (PCB) board in most electronics plants such as laptops, computers, etc. It is also called main board or system board. In addition to computers, motherboards are used in robots and many other electronic devices. – Wikipedia
The motherboard keeps all the input and output devices of the computer with them and supplies proper power to all. It includes CPU (Central Processing Unit), RAM, BIOS, CMOS, HDD, Monitor, Keyboard, Mouse, Etc. Equipment is included.
There are many types of motherboards. If we talk about 20 years ago today, the motherboard of the IBM computer at that time had only one processor and few card slots, and besides this, users had to read their work by installing a floppy drive and memory.
But today it is not so. In today’s time, there has been a lot of change in the motherboard. With the development of computers, the capacity and size of motherboards have also changed.
The AT Motherboard is the oldest motherboard on the computer. AT has a full form, Advance Technology. This means that power connectors of new technology are present on this board. It is also called “Full AT Motherboard”.
The AT Motherboard is built in 1980 by the IBM company. After this, the motherboard and some of its variants had maintained a good hold in the computer market for a long time.
This type of motherboard was very large in size, it was 351 mm in length and 305 mm in width. Due to its size, it was much more difficult to install new drives in it.
This motherboard was not able to fit in the mini desktop due to its large size. After which the ATX Motherboard was launched in the 1990s with new technology.
The ATX Motherboard was built in the 1990s by Intel Corporation. It was much different from the AT Motherboard. Many important changes were made in it and advanced control facilities were also added.
The full form of ATX is Advanced Technology Extended. It was substantially smaller in size than the old AT motherboard. In this, power management could also be done with the help of BIOS program.
Various add-ons were made to the rear plate, with a number of extra slots added, a keyboard connector was added. Apart from this, several other significant changes were also made to the ATX motherboard.
Mini ITX Motherboard
This motherboard was made in 2001 by VIA Technologies. This type of motherboard is used by computers with small form factors such as – microcomputer, desktop, laptop, etc. Is used in
They are much smaller in size than the old motherboards. Its size is about 6.7 X 6.7 inches. All of which is much less than the old motherboard.
Components of motherboard
A computer motherboard acts as a components hub. In which all the necessary equipment of the computer is connected. A permanent place is set to connect all of these devices with the motherboard.
Different dedicated places are set up to connect all the components in the motherboard. Those places are called ports, sockets, or slots. Let’s know about all the ports, sockets, and slots.
The Power Connector is used to deliver power to the motherboard and to flow current. In addition, the motherboard itself supplies power to all components.
Main power is first found in the motherboard through this power connector, after which it distributes proper power to all other components.
RAM (Memory Slots)
The full form of RAM is Random Access Memory. It is a temporary memory, which only stores data as long as there is power in the computer. As soon as the computer shutdown, all the data stored in RAM is removed.
The motherboard can also have more than one slot for installing RAM. This memory is used only to run software and programs. It is also called volatile memory.
The full name of the BIOS is (Basic Input Output System). This is also a very important component in the motherboard, which comes in the form of an integrated chip.
The BIOS entails booting the operating system installed in the computer. When we start the computer, the booting process first happens, which is done by the BIOS itself.
Apart from this, its settings can also be changed by going to BIOS Program.
The full form of CMOS is a Complementary Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor. The CMOS battery looks like a cell, which is a 3.0v lithium cell. Its job is to give power to the BIOS to store data.
Expansion Card Slots
You can upgrade your computer through Expansion Card Slots. In this slot on the motherboard, we can add an additional card separately. Like – graphic card, audio card, network card, etc.
CPU socket this socket, the unit called the brain of the computer, CPU (Central Processing Unit) Is connected. It is also called a processor. This socket is the most important socket on the motherboard. Because the processor is installed in it. Whose job is to process computer programs’ data and instructions into information.
Input / Output Ports
The full form of IDE is Integrated Drive Electronics. This connector is used to install hard disks and optical disks (eg CD, DVD Drive). It was used in earlier motherboards. Now it has been replaced by SATA Connector.
The full form of SATA is Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. This is an upgraded version of the IDE connector. It is also used to install hard disks and optical disks (eg CD, DVD Drive). The SATA Connector has 7 pins, while the IDE Connector had 40 pins. It is faster and better than IDE.
VGA (Display Connector) Port
North Bridge Chipset
North Bridge, also called host bridge, is a microchip. Which is connected with the processor. It is placed under the heat sink in the motherboard. Its job is to manage hard disks, PCI devices, and RAM.
It occurs in the form of a chip. It is also called IC Chip. It remains connected with the northbridge. But it works slower than that. It controls all input and output functions.
Function of motherboard
Motherboards have many functions. Apart from connecting different parts of the computer with you, many other tasks are done by the motherboard. The motherboard has the following functions.
A motherboard is an electronic circuit board. First, the main power supply reaches the motherboard, and later it supplies proper power to all the computer components connected to it.
The motherboard can also be called the hub of computer components. Because all the input and output devices and other parts of the computer are connected here. Such as – CPU, RAM, BIOS, Monitor, Keyboard, Mouse, etc.
Slots for Peripherals
Provides motherboard slots to connect the computer’s external peripheral devices with the computer. After all, all the parts of the computer are connected to the motherboard, so peripheral devices are also connected to the motherboard.
The motherboard acts as a communication hub. And it keeps all the peripheral devices of the computer with it. And all the components and peripheral devices of the motherboard computer can communicate properly among themselves, it controls and manages Data Flow (Data Traffic).
The motherboard has an in-build ROM (Read Only Memory). And this is completely different from RAM (Random Access Memory). In which the Basic Input Output System (BIOS) of the computer is installed. Its main function is to manage the booting process of the computer.
This means that when the computer powers on to start, the BIOS completes the process of starting the computer. So from this, we get to know that the computer starts with the help of the motherboard.
So guys, now you know everything about computer motherboards, What is a motherboard? How does a motherboard work? Types of Motherboards? And so on. Now you will have complete information about the motherboard.